NPS - Funding for Non-Public Schools
Non-Public School (NPS) status. If your child has an Individualized Education Program (IEP),
and if the IEP team determines that a non-public school is an appropriate placement,
then your school district may pay for your child's tuition.
You, as parents of children with special needs,
For you, the role of parenting has greater
challenges and opportunities than you ever imagined when your
child began the adventure of learning. YOU are the primary
encourager and protector of your child's interests, the guardian
of your child's educational rights, and your child's primary
YOU are an essential member of the educational
team that designs the program which best meets your child.
Your first hand, round the clock knowledge of your child is
crucial information. You will be the communicator of data
about your child's behaviors, strengths, and needs. You must
be prepared to coordinate all the efforts for your child's
You and your team can create a successful
you special child.
Special Education Services are available to
you to support your child's needs.
Special education is an individualized education
program designed to help children reach their highest potential.
It is provided for children ages 3 through 21, who qualify
according to laws and regulations outlined by state and federal
Children receive special education instruction
and services according to specific needs. Children are placed
in special education programs only after resources of the
regular public education program in the student's local educational
area have been considered and if appropriate, utilized.
Federal Laws provide
for free appropriate education for
children with disabilities.
Public Law 94-142, formerly the Education
for All Handicapped Children's Act,(EHA) and now the Individuals
with Disabilities Act (IDEA), passed in 1975 and amended in
l990,and guarantees four basic rights to all children with
1. Free, appropriate public education.This is the most fundamental
and important right, as it states that at no cost to you,
an educational program designed to meet your child's specific
needs must be provided by your local school district. If there
is no appropriate public school program, a private school
program must be provided at public expense.
2. Placement in the least restrictive environment(LRE).This
is the environment in which your child can be a successful
learner. This may or may not be a regular classroom. School
districts must make available a variety of programs and placement
opportunities. Where possible it will be an environment in
which your child has the greatest amount of contact with non-handicapped
students. As your child's learning needs change, so should
the type of placement change .Placement is not forever.
3. Related services and supplementary aids.Instructional and
supportive services which assist your child in benefiting
from the special education must be provided.
4. Fair Assessment Procedures.Education evaluation and/or
assessment must be conducted to identify your child's learning
needs and to determine whether your child requires special
education, and if so, what type. Assessments must occur before
your child is placed in special education, and at determined
intervals following your child's placement. You must give
permission for this assessment to be given.
The law says you
have two protections.
1.Individualized Education Program When your child receives
special education services, a written IEP must be developed.
It will consist of your child's annual and long term goals
and short term objectives; the level of placement; the present
level of your child's performance; the dates when the services
begin and end; and annual evaluation procedures and review
dares. It serves as the management tool for your child and
the program in which the learning will occur.
2. Due Process. This is your safeguard. It refers to the timely
steps that protect the rights of each person, you, your child,
and the school staff. It also details the informed consent
procedures, and the appeal rights you have if you disagree
with your school.
Other Laws also protect you and your child.
P.L.93-112 The Vocational Rehabilitation Act
Section 504.Section 504 guarantees that people with disabilities
may not be discriminated against because of their disability.
P.L.101-336 Americans with Disabilities Act.
The ADA expands the definition of a disability as a condition
that impairs a major life activity.
P.L.99-457 Early Intervention Program for
Infants and Toddlers.P.L.99-457 expanded coverage under IDEA
to mandate a program to serve sever preschool children ages
three to five, to establish a new early state grant program
for infants and toddlers with or at risk for developmental
delays through age two, and to expand and improve various
discretionary programs within the IDEA
P.L.101-476 The Education of the Handicapped
Act Amendments of 1990.This law changed the name of EHA to
IDEA and reauthorized and expanded the discretionary programs,
mandated transition services and assistive technology to be
included on a child'sIEP, and added autism and traumatic brain
injury to the list of categories of youth eligible for special
There are a variety of placement options available.
Placement in a nonpublic school may be provided by the school
district when the educational program developed in the IEP
is not available in the programs offered by the school district.
A nonpublic school is a private school that specializes in
providing services to students with special needs. It is required
to meet specific standards in the state in which it operates,
and it contracts with school districts to provide services
to their students whose IEP designates this type of placement
as the best one to help the child reach the highest potential.
It is proved at no cost to the parents or guardians for their
child. The nonpublic school operates under public funds, but
has its own operating structure, policies and procedures while
complying with all state and federal mandates for instruction
of students with special needs. Usually the staff is highly
trained and certified in areas of specific special education
needs, class sizes are usually very small, and special programs
are in place to help the child internalize learning strategies
that will enable him/her to return to a less restrictive environment
at a future time. The nonpublic school works with the parents
and local district staff to form a team to communicate about
the child and his needs, and to operate as a unit to see that
these needs are met.
Who can help you? Your local
principal is the educational and policy leader of your school.
Consult with this person for support and direction in determining
how you can best help your child to be a successful learner.
There is indeed a program available to assist your child in
reaching his/her full potential and it is available to you
at no cost.